Jewelry has played various roles in ancient Egypt. In addition to man's natural attraction to beautiful items, jewelry had a religious and magical significance in the Egyptian ancient world by protecting the wearer from evil.
Ancient Egyptians began making their jewelry during the Badari and Naqada
eras from simple natural materials; for example, plant branches, shells, beads,
solid stones or bones. These were arranged in threads of flax or cow hair. To
give these stones some brilliance, Egyptians began painting them with glass
substances. Since the era of the First Dynasty, ancient Egyptians were skilled
handmade silver and gold jewelry featuring solid semiprecious stones. The art of goldsmithing reached its peak in the Middle Kingdom,
when Egyptians mastered the technical methods and accuracy in making pieces of
jewelry. During the New Kingdom, goldsmithing flourished in an unprecedented way
because of regular missions to the Eastern Desert and Nubia to extract metals.
These substances were processed and inlaid with all sorts of semiprecious stones
found in Egypt; for example, gold, turquoise, agate, and silver.